Gender and Stature Estimate Based on Facial Measurements: an Anthropometric Study in Southwest Iranian Population

Authors

  • Alireza Eftekhari Moghadam Department of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Forouzan Absalan Abadan University of Medical Sciences
  • Kimia Pirzad Medical faculty, Abadan University of Medical Sciences, Abadan, Iran
  • Atefeh Zahedi Asadabad School of Medical Sciences, Asadabad, Iran

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17063/bjfs11(1)y202122-33

Keywords:

Facial dimensions, Gender identification, Stature identification, Anthropometry

Abstract

This study was aimed to evaluate the facial dimensions and their relation with gender and stature in the Iranian southwest population. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 300 southwest Iranian cases age 20-50 years (150 males and 150 females). Studied variables through physical anthropometry in both genders were Upper facial height (UFH), Total facial height (TFH), Facial Height (FH), Facial Width (FW), and intercanthal width (IC) using a standard sliding caliper and Collis. Regarding the sex and age of the individuals, general descriptive analysis of facial dimensions was determined. All measurements, except TFH and FH, were different between men and women (p≤ 0.01). In male subjects, the Pearsons correlation coefficient (r) revealed that IC (0.72 ⃰ ⃰ ), FW (0.58 ⃰ ⃰ ) and UFH (0.18 ⃰⃰ ⃰ ) parameters had a positive correlation with stature. In the female group, none of the facial parameters had a significant correlation with stature. Regarding the value of each facial diameter in discriminating male and female stature and gender, the highest discriminative value was specified to the FW (cutoff: 11.89, sensitivity: 89%, specificity: 11%) and IC (cutoff: 2.26, sensitivity: 98%, specificity: 0.04%) respectively. This study showed a significant association of some facial measurements with stature and gender in the southwest Iranian population. IC and FW had the most diagnostic value for gender and stature definition. It is shown a useful reference for the adult southwest Iranian population for facial recognition and that the subject’s sex should be considered during body identification procedures.

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Published

2021-10-25

How to Cite

Eftekhari Moghadam, A., Absalan, F., Pirzad, K., & Zahedi, A. (2021). Gender and Stature Estimate Based on Facial Measurements: an Anthropometric Study in Southwest Iranian Population. Brazilian Journal of Forensic Sciences, Medical Law and Bioethics, 11(1), 22–33. https://doi.org/10.17063/bjfs11(1)y202122-33

Issue

Section

Original Article